AGL VIWI HIGH-CAN binding architecture

This binding is intended to act between low-level binding(s) and clients. It builds ViWi resources as defined in a json configuration file. It implements subscribe/unsubscribe/get verbs for the clients accordingly with protocol specification.

Each ViWi resource can be composed of several elements, for which subscriptions will be made to the low-level binding with configurable frequencies or filters.

ViWi High Level binding architecture


ViWi (Volkswagen Infotainment Web Interface) protocol defines a serie of objects, which can be queried or updated via JSon messages.

Each object is assigned with a unique URI.

The depth of the URI tree is limited to 3, i.e. /service/resource>/element/, for instance /car/doors/3901a278-ba17-44d6-9aef-f7ca67c04840.

To retrieve the list of elements for a given resource, one can use the get command, for instance get /car/doors/.

It is also possible to subscribe to elements or group of elements, for instance subscribe /car/doors/3901a278-ba17-44d6-9aef-f7ca67c04840. Requests can also have various filters, or specify a frequency.

More details in the ViWi general documentation and in the documentation



Low level CAN service (>=4.0) must be installed. Prerequisites are the same. Follow instructions from Low level CAN service Guide.

git clone --recursive


export WD=$(pwd)
git clone --recursive


Use the classic build flow:

cd $WD/high-level-viwi-service
mkdir build
cd build
cmake ..


JSON configuration file

This file must be named high.json, and must accessible from afb-daemon.

The json configuration file consists in 2 sections:

Definitions section

This section describes each resources defined in the high-level binding. Each resource is composed with different properties having a name, a type and a description.

Type can be boolean, double, string, or int. Properties “id”, “uri” and “name” are compulsory.

For instance:

    "name": "/car/demoboard/",
    "properties": {
        "id": {
            "type": "string",
            "description": "identifier"
        "uri": {
            "type": "string",
            "description": "object uri"
        "name": {
            "type": "string",
            "description": "name"
        "unit": {
            "type": "string",
            "description": "units"
        "speed": {
            "type": "double",
            "description": "vehicle centerpoint speed as shown by the instrument cluster"
        "rpm": {
            "type": "double",
            "description": "engine rotations per minute"
        "level": {
            "type": "double",
            "description": "level of tankage"
        "load": {
            "type": "double",
            "description": "engine load"

Resources section

This section defines which values should be assigned to resource’s properties as defined in the definitions section. The link to the definitions section is made through the name of the resource.

Some values are static, some are linked to low-level requests.

In case a value is linked to a low-level request, the value will start with “${“ and end with “}”. In that case the value will consist in the name of the low-level signal, followed with the frequency of the signal in ms. -1 in the frequency means that high level binding should subscribe to low level binding for all changes, without specifying a frequency.

For instance:

    "name": "/car/demoboard/",
    "values": [{
        "name": "vehicleSpeed",
        "unit": "km/h",
        "speed": "${diagnostic_messages.vehicle.speed,1000}"
    }, {
        "name": "engineSpeed",
        "unit": "rpm",
        "rpm": "${diagnostic_messages.engine.speed,1000}"
    }, {
        "name": "fuelLevel",
        "unit": "litre",
        "level": "${diagnostic_messages.fuel.level,1000}"
    }, {
        "name": "engineLoad",
        "unit": "Nm",
        "load": "${diagnostic_messages.engine.load,1000}"

Running and testing

Launch the binder together with the two bindings

The Json high level configuration file high.json must be placed in the directory where you launch afb-daemon.

cp $WD/high-level-viwi-service/high.json $WD
 cd $WD

Then you can natively under linux you can launch afb-daemon with the low-level and high-level bindings with a command like:

cd $WD
afb-daemon --rootdir=$WD/low-level-can-service/CAN-binder/build/package --binding=$WD/low-level-can-service/CAN-binder/build/package/lib/ --binding=$WD/high-level-viwi-service/build/package/lib/ --port=1234 --tracereq=common --token=1 --verbose

Use afb-client-demo to test high level binding

On another terminal, connect to the binding using previously installed AFB Websocket CLI tool:

afb-client-demo ws://localhost:1234/api?token=1

You will be on an interactive session where you can communicate directly with the binding API.

The binding provides at this moment 3 verbs, get, subscribe and unsubscribe, which can take a JSON object as an argument.

To use the AFB Websocket CLI tool, a command line will be like the following:

<api> <verb> <arguments>


  • API : high-can.
  • Verb : get, subscribe or unsubscribe
  • Arguments : { “name”: “/car/doors/” }

You can therefore use commands such as:

high-can subscribe {"name":"/car/doors/","interval":10000}
high-can unsubscribe {"name":"/car/doors/","interval":10000}
high-can get {"name":"/car/demoboard/"}
high-can get {"name":"/car/demoboard/","fields":["fuelLevel","engineLoad"]}

For instance the output of the third command should be:

high-can get {"name":"/car/demoboard/"}
ON-REPLY 1:high-can/get: {"response":{"\/car\/demoboard\/2159e2-5b638a-39e242-7a2f5":{"id":"2159e2-5b638a-39e242-7a2f5","name":"vehicleSpeed","speed":0.000000,"unit":"km\/h","uri":"\/car\/demoboard\/2159e2-5b638a-39e242-7a2f5"},"\/car\/demoboard\/22ad2c-5a3c2b-50fabb-324c82":{"id":"22ad2c-5a3c2b-50fabb-324c82","level":0.000000,"name":"fuelLevel","unit":"litre","uri":"\/car\/demoboard\/22ad2c-5a3c2b-50fabb-324c82"},"\/car\/demoboard\/3a3ab9-2bd52c-11d30-689acf":{"id":"3a3ab9-2bd52c-11d30-689acf","name":"engineSpeed","rpm":0.000000,"unit":"rpm","uri":"\/car\/demoboard\/3a3ab9-2bd52c-11d30-689acf"},"\/car\/demoboard\/5ae808-8093cb-99716-30a605":{"id":"5ae808-8093cb-99716-30a605","load":0.000000,"name":"engineLoad","unit":"Nm","uri":"\/car\/demoboard\/5ae808-8093cb-99716-30a605"}},"jtype":"afb-reply","request":{"status":"success","uuid":"44ce03f9-a7ca-49e1-a62a-40c74db0caa0"}}

As you can see for the moment all values are 0, because we didn’t inject any CAN data in the binder. To do this, you can use canplayer to feed the bindings with some data.

You can find an example of data in high level binding, “samples” directory.

For instance, on a third terminal:

canplayer -I candata