Users

The user policy can group users by function within the car. For example, we can consider a driver and his passengers. Each user is assigned to a single group to simplify the management of space security.

Root Access

The main applications, those that provide the principal functionality of the embedded device, should not execute with root identity or any capability.

If the main application is allowed to execute at any capability, then the entire system is at the mercy of the said application’s good behaviour. Problems arise when an application is compromised and able to execute commands which could consistently and persistently compromise the system by implanting rogue applications.

It is suggested that the middleware and the UI should run in a context on a user with no capability and all persistent resources should be maintained without any capability.

One way to ensure this is by implementing a server-client paradigm. Services provided by the system’s drivers can be shared this way. The other advantage of this approach is that multiple applications can share the same resources at the same time.

Domain Object Recommendations
Platform-Users-root-1 Main application Should not execute as root.
Platform-Users-root-2 UI Should run in a context on a user with no capability.

Root access should not be allowed for the following utilities:

Domain Utility name State
Platform-Users-root-3 login Not allowed
Platform-Users-root-4 su Not allowed
Platform-Users-root-5 ssh Not allowed
Platform-Users-root-6 scp Not allowed
Platform-Users-root-7 sftp Not allowed

Root access should not be allowed for the console device. The development environment should allow users to login with pre-created user accounts.

Switching to elevated privileges shall be allowed in the development environment via sudo.


Capabilities

Domain Improvement
Platform-Users-Capabilities-1 Kernel or Platform-user?
Platform-Users-Capabilities-2 Add config note.

The goal is to restrict functionality that will not be useful in AGL. They are integrated into the LSM. Each privileged transaction is associated with a capability. These capabilities are divided into three groups:

  • e: Effective: This means the capability is “activated”.
  • p: Permitted: This means the capability can be used/is allowed.
  • i: Inherited: The capability is kept by child/subprocesses upon execve() for example.