• authentication: Authentication is the security process that validates the claimed identity of a device, entity or person, relying on one or more characteristics bound to that device, entity or person.

  • Authorization: Parses the network to allow access to some or all network functionality by providing rules and allowing access or denying access based on a subscriber’s profile and services purchased.

Domain Object Recommendations
Application-Cloud-Download-1 authentication Must implement authentication process.
Application-Cloud-Download-2 Authorization Must implement Authorization process.


  • Deep Packet Inspection: DPI provides techniques to analyze the payload of each packet, adding an extra layer of security. DPI can detect and neutralize attacks that would be missed by other security mechanisms.

  • A DoS protection in order to avoid that the Infrastructure is no more accessible for a period of time.

  • Scanning tools such as SATS and DAST assessments perform vulnerability scans on the source code and data flows on web applications. Many of these scanning tools run different security tests that stress applications under certain attack scenarios to discover security issues.

  • IDS & IPS: IDS detect and log inappropriate, incorrect, or anomalous activity. IDS can be located in the telecommunications networks and/or within the host server or computer. Telecommunications carriers build intrusion detection capability in all network connections to routers and servers, as well as offering it as a service to enterprise customers. Once IDS systems have identified an attack, IPS ensures that malicious packets are blocked before they cause any harm to backend systems and networks. IDS typically functions via one or more of three systems:

    1. Pattern matching.
    2. Anomaly detection.
    3. Protocol behavior.
Domain Object Recommendations
Application-Cloud-Infrastructure-1 Packet Should implement a DPI.
Application-Cloud-Infrastructure-2 DoS Must implement a DoS protection.
Application-Cloud-Infrastructure-3 Test Should implement scanning tools like SATS and DAST.
Application-Cloud-Infrastructure-4 Log Should implement security tools (IDS and IPS).
Application-Cloud-Infrastructure-5 App integrity Applications must be signed by the code signing authority.


For data transport, it is necessary to encrypt data end-to-end. To prevent MITM attacks, no third party should be able to interpret transported data. Another aspect is the data anonymization in order to protect the leakage of private information on the user or any other third party.

The use of standards such as IPSec provides “private and secure communications over IP networks, through the use of cryptographic security services, is a set of protocols using algorithms to transport secure data over an IP network.”. In addition, IPSec operates at the network layer of the OSI model, contrary to previous standards that operate at the application layer. This makes its application independent and means that users do not need to configure each application to IPSec standards.

IPSec provides the services below :

  • Confidentiality: A service that makes it impossible to interpret data if it is not the recipient. It is the encryption function that provides this service by transforming intelligible (unencrypted) data into unintelligible (encrypted) data.
  • Authentication: A service that ensures that a piece of data comes from where it is supposed to come from.
  • Integrity: A service that consists in ensuring that data has not been tampered with accidentally or fraudulently.
  • Replay Protection: A service that prevents attacks by re-sending a valid intercepted packet to the network for the same authorization. This service is provided by the presence of a sequence number.
  • Key management: Mechanism for negotiating the length of encryption keys between two IPSec elements and exchange of these keys.

An additional means of protection would be to do the monitoring between users and the cloud as a CASB will provide.

Domain Object Recommendations
Application-Cloud-Transport-1 Integrity, confidentiality and legitimacy Should implement IPSec standards.